Tuesday, July 6, 2010

Efes-o incursiune in civilizatia Antica

Turcia de azi pastreaza vestigii arheologice fascinante.

In apropierea orasului Izmir puteti vizita ruinele Efes-ului.
Vechi oras ionian, Efes a fost cel mai important port al regiunii, renumit pentru bogatia si fastuozitatea sa.
Localnicii se inchinau unei zeite a naturii, asemuita cu Artemis, careia i-au construit un templu undeva in jurul anului 550 i.Hr.

In timpul contructiei, orasul a fost atacat de lidieni. Croesus, conducatorul lidienilor, a reusit sa supuna orasul, dar a sustinut in continuare constructia templului. Sub conducerea sa, orasul si-a trait "Epoca de Aur" , fiind renumit pentru cultura si arta sa in intreaga Lume Antica.
Efes-ul a fost cucerit apoi de persi. Orasul a continuat sa straluceasca, indiferent de cine a fost condus, ajungand in final in mainile romanilor. Acestia au inchinat Marele Templu Dianei. Templul era considerat la aceea vreme una din cele 7 minuni ale lumii, iar Efes-ul era centrul comertului cu sclavi, banii obtinuti astfel permitand localnicilor sa-si pastreze standardele inalte de viata.

In 262 d.Hr., Efes-ul a fost atacat de goti, care au distrus Templul. Orasul si-a pierdut treptat din stralucire si a fost parasit in 431.

Excavatiile arheologice desfasurate intre 1869 si 1874 au scos la iveala o multime de artefacte ce au permis reconstituirea istoriei.

Pe langa Marele Templu, Efes-ul a mai gazduit si Biblioteca Celsus, ce adapostea 12 000 de papirusuri si era a 3-a ca marime (dupa cea din Alexandria si cea din Pergamum).

Mai puteti vedea si Marele Amfiteatru cu 24 000 de locuri, Muzeul Efes si casa in care se presupune ca si-a trait Fecioara Maria ultimii ani din viata.

Fiind cel mai bine conservat oras antic din Estul Mediteranei, Efes-ul va promite o veritabila incursiune in lumea antica.

Treceti-l pe lista, mai ales daca va petreceti vara in Kusadasi...e la o aruncatura de bat. :)


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