Friday, October 1, 2010

Parisul lui Napoleon

















Dupa plimbarea de saptamana trecuta prin Parisul Regelui-Soare, ne continuam traseul virtual prin istorie si poposim in Parisul lui Napoleon Bonaparte, incoronat Imparat al Frantei in mai 1804.

Martor al acelor vremuri a fost Chateau de Malmaison, o construtie eleganta din secolul XVII cumparata de frumoasa sotie a lui Napoleon, Josephine de Beauharnais in anul 1799. Aceasta a adaugat micului castel o veranda, o sala de teatru si a decorat gradinile cu statui.
Dupa divortul de Napoleon, Malmaison a ramas resedinta lui Josephine. In zilele noastre aici se gaseste un muzeu care reconstruieste atmosfera primului Imperiu.




Un alt muzeu cu spatii dedicate primului Imperiu este Musee Carnavalet,parterul Hotel de Peletier fiind dedicat in intregime primului si celui de-al doilea imperiu.

Napoleon, lider si vizionar, dorea sa transforme Parisul in cel mai frumos oras din lume.
Cu un nou plan de urbanism si multe monumente grandioase, avea toate sansele ca visul sau sa devina realitate.

Dupa victoria de la Austerlitz din 1805 le-a promis soldatilor sai gloriosi ca "se vor intoarce acasa sub arce de triumf".
Un an mai tarziu s-a pornit constructia celui mai vestit arc de triumf din lume, aflat in centrul unei rozete din care pornesc 12 bulevarde.
Terminat in 1836, Arcul de Triumf impresioneaza si astazi prin grandoare si ne impartaseste o parte din istoria Frantei, prin basoreliefurile ce descriu plecarea voluntarilor in 1792, funeraliile generalului Marceau din 1795, victoria lui Napoleon asupra armatei turcesti in 1799 si Batalia de la Austerlitz.

Tot in vremea lui Napoleon s-a construit Arcul de Triumf al Caruselului, care a fost ornamentat cu caii luati drept prada de razboi din Basilica San Marco din Venetia si a avut loc reconstructia si modernizarea unei parti din Luvru. Sub domnia sa a fost inaugurata si Biserica La Madeleine, situata in piata cu acelasi nume. Cladirea are la baza proiectul lui Bathelemy Vignon pentru Templul Gloriei lui Napoleon, pe care acesta s-a hotarat sa il inalte dupa batalia de la Iena si adaposteste cateva sculpturi de valoare, printre care se numara si Botezul lui Cristos de Francois Rude.

Sper ca v-a placut si va astept in urmatoarele saptamani cu povestiri despre Parisul in viziunea baronului Haussmann, La Belle Epoque a Paris, Parisul avangardei si Grand Travaux a Paris.

14 comments:

  1. Foarte interesanta incursiunea in istorie, iar Parisul e orasul potrivit pentru asa ceva, avand in vedere densitatea istoriei orasului.

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  2. Abia astept si saptamana viitoare!

    Iar in legatura cu magazinul de tetile paint, sunt de fapt doua, unul in curtea sticlarilor (nu mai stiu EXACT care din ele, dar sunt doar cateva magazinase oricum) Si unul care are un perete intreg de vopsea de textile(inclusiv una foarte frumoasa, sidefata) exact in capatul gangului, cum iesi, traversezi o mica straduta si e acolo (iesire spre Unirii, nu centru vechi) Hope it makes sense, let me know if you find them :)

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  3. Se vede ca ai fost de mai multe ori sau ai stat mai mult timp decat mine la Paris. P eunele le-am vazut, pe altele nu. Multumesc pentru informatii.

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  4. Multumesc frumos pentru indicatii, Ioana. Sper sa imi fac timp zilele acestea sa ajung prin zona. Am in plan sa schimb fata unor tricouri :)

    Traveling Hawk, din pacate nici eu nu am reusit sa le vad pe toate, dar in cursul urmatoarei vizite la Paris (care sper sa fie la vara) vreau sa imi organizez tururile pe perioade istorice.Ma ajuta sa intru mai bine in atmosfera epocii.

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